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Coronavirus

Hong Kong Man Reinfected by COVID-19

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A 33-year-old Hong Kong man appears to be the first reported case of a person contracting COVID-19 twice.

What We Know:

  • The man first had the coronavirus in late March but has now contracted it again while traveling in Europe almost five months later. Researchers at the University of Hong Kong say that he showed symptoms during his first bout with the virus but they are not observing any clear or obvious symptoms this time. This case rightfully raises questions about how immune people can be from COVID-19 and could change our perception of the disease.
  • The patient was found to have been reinfected while returning to Hong Kong from Spain. He tested positive during his entry screening and was hospitalized. “The patient got re-infected 4.5 months after the first infection. Therefore, it shows that for this patient, the immunity induced by the first infection is short lasting,” said Dr. Kelvin Kai-Wang of the University of Hong Kong.
  • There have been other reports of coronavirus reinfection, but those have largely been dismissed due to flaws in testing. Although this is the first confirmed and documented case of COVID-19 reinfection, some scientists want to be cautious with this information and are not sure if this should raise worldwide concerns about reinfection.
  • “This case illustrates that re-infection can occur even just a few months of recovery from the first infection. Our findings suggest that SARS-CoV-2 may persist in humans, as is the case for other common-cold associated human coronavirus, even if patients have acquired immunity via natural infection or via vaccination,” said the University of Hong Kong researchers. They also urged recovered COVID-19 patients to still wear face coverings and practice social distancing.

Even though it appears reinfection is possible during the pandemic, other experts find it encouraging that this man is experiencing milder symptoms during his second infection. Experts and doctors from around the world do agree that more research studies are needed to reach a better understanding about this virus.

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Sagar is a Digital Intern at UnmutedCo. He graduated from Northwestern University with a bachelor's degree in Trumpet Performance and Economics. Sagar writes for Black News Alerts and the BNA Daily Podcast. He also produces the BossFM Morning Show.

Coronavirus

U.S. Exceeds 500,000 Deaths From the Coronavirus

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On Monday, February 22, 2021, President Biden and Vice President Harris stood outside the White House with a candlelight vigil and mourned 500,00 American deaths caused by the Coronavirus since February 2020.

What We Know:

  • More Americans have died from the Coronavirus than in wars in Vietnam, Korea, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Specifically, black and Hispanic/ Latino death rates are six times higher than for Caucasian people. Since super spreading events such as clubs, venues, and restaurants were closed, people started having indoor events or large gatherings, which made spreading the coronavirus more easily. It takes only one person to contact the coronavirus, and then they can transmit it to everybody in the room without knowing it.  
  • The coronavirus has killed more than 2,462,000 people worldwide, according to NBC News.
  • California remains on top with 187,000 new cases, but that is a 30 percent decrease from the previous weeks. Texas is second with approximately 127,000 new positive cases, and those numbers showed a 15 percent decrease. In third is New York, with 90,000 new cases and a 12 percent decrease occurred. 
  • A few important things start to decrease, such as hospitalization and air population because fewer people are outside or traveling. This is happening because more people are getting the vaccine, the busiest holiday is over, and more people are starting to follow safety protocols.

Even though the numbers are decreasing in certain areas, everybody needs to continue the safety protocols such as wearing masks, avoiding indoor events, especially ones with crowds, and maintain a distance of 6 feet apart at all times.

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Coronavirus

Michigan Woman Dies After Receiving COVID-Infected Lungs for Transplant

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Michigan woman contracted Covid-19 and died two months after receiving a double lung transplant. 

What We Know:

  • The unnamed woman from Michigan tested negative and showed no symptoms of Covid-19 before her surgery. The woman contracted Covid from the infected lungs of a woman who was declared brain dead after a car accident. After receiving her new set of lungs, she had concerning symptoms of Covid, such as difficulty breathing, a high fever, and her blood pressure fell. 
  • The doctors realized that the virus took a primarily respiratory route because signs showed lung infection, and when her symptoms got worse, she went into septic shock and had heart function problems. Doctors tested her for Covid-19 and the samples from her new lungs came back positive, which led doctors back to retrieve even more specimens from the transplant donor.
  • The test showed that a swab from the transplant donor’s nose and throat retrieved 48 hours later came back negative. The donor’s family said she had no recent travel history or been around anybody with Covid-19 and was not displaying any signs of Covid. It was not until the doctors received a specimen of fluid from the donor’s throat, that they received a positive Covid-19 result. Four days later, the surgeon fell ill after the surgery and tested positive for Covid.
  • The test shows that the recipient and surgeon were both infected by the donor, the surgeon later recovered. It’s the only confirmed case out of almost 40,000 transplants in 2020, according to health.com. Now, medical professionals in the transporting department must take extra precautionary measures to avoid the risk of bidirectional viral transmission between patient and surgeon, such as wearing an N95 mask and eye protection during surgeries, even in instances where donors tested negative. 

Before donors donate organs, they must take a Covid test, get checked for possible symptoms, and have their exposure history checked. If a donor has been in a high-risk area, the medical team will inform the donor that they must wait 14-28 days after returning. Living donors are asked not to travel 14 days before donation and to monitor their symptoms.

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Coronavirus

Fauci Urges Americans To Take Any Vaccine Available To Them When Eligible

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Dr. Anthony Fauci Speaking during a press briefing discussing ways to combat COVID-19.

Dr. Anthony Fauci urges the American Public to take whichever vaccine is most accessible to them.

What We Know:

  • Dr. Fauci, Director of the U.S National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, said Americans should not compare the vaccines’ statistics. He believes that Americans should take any of the approved three vaccines approved to help combat the spread of the Virus. “All three of them are really quite good, and people should take the one that’s most available to them,” said Fauci in an interview on NBC’s Meet The Press.
  • The only vaccines currently available as of late are the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson and Johnson. Fauci stated that the vaccines all differ in dosage, and the vaccines were all tested under different circumstances. One example is that Johnson and Johnson is a one-shot dosage, while Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna require two-shots.
  • According to Fauci, public health officials have recently been very concerned about the virus’s variants that could dodge the vaccines. One variant is B.1.351, which is spreading like wildfire in South Africa. This also serves as a reason why Fauci advises that Americans shouldn’t be comparing the efficacy rates of the virus. The Johnson and Johnson vaccine has a 72% efficacy rate in the U.S, compared to 64% in South Africa.
  • Fauci also noted on Meet The Press that the United States has started to see a decline in the number of infections due to COVID and has seen an increase in the number of vaccinations. Fauci urges that we still must stay resilient in combating the virus and that we are nowhere close to lifting restrictions because there is a chance that lifting restrictions will cause another spike.

We are approaching the anniversary of the COVID-19 being declared a National Emergency. However, this news from Fauci might be enough to give the country hope of returning to what we deem as “normal.”

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