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Oxford Dictionaries Change ‘Sexist’ and Outdated Definitions of the Word ‘Woman’

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Have you ever looked up the definition of the word woman in the dictionary? What you see may be surprising or could be mindblowing, but thanks to 2020 for finally being the year the change happens.

What We Know:

  • The Oxford University Press has changed the definition of the word “woman” in its dictionaries after an online petition called on them to remove “sexist” language. There were words in the dictionary describing a woman as a wench, piece, and other derogatory terms according to USA Today. Even though these are getting removed, there are still some that will be left and considered offensive to some.
  • The petition was started by London-based communication strategist Maria Beatrice Giovanardi in 2019. More than 34,000 people signed it which pushed the Oxford University Press to make some changes. In the petition, Giovanardi wrote, “This is completely unacceptable by a reputable source like the Oxford University Press, but it’s even more worrying when you consider how much influence they have in setting norms around our language and that this can influence the way that women are spoken about online.”
  • One of the definitions was also altered to acknowledge that a woman can be “a person’s wife, girlfriend, or female lover,” not only a man’s. “We have expanded the dictionary coverage of ‘woman’ with more examples and idiomatic phrases which depict women in a positive and active manner,” according to a statement from OUP. “We have ensured that offensive synonyms or senses are clearly labeled as such and only included where we have evidence of real-world usage.”
  • Since these changes were finally happening, a statement was released from USA Today from Giovanardi. “I’m very happy that they have made the changes they have made,” she said. “The definition, as a result, is now more inclusive especially of the LGBTQ community.” She also says even though all of her goals weren’t met, this is a victory and hopes that other dictionaries will make this change as well.

The Oxford dictionary’s change is a massive change for the entire world, and it’s only a matter of time for other dictionaries to follow behind. It may only be the first word that gets massive attention, but many more are sure to follow.

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Crime

Derek Chauvin Found GUILTY on ALL Charges for the Murder of George Floyd

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BLACK NEWS ALERTS SPECIAL REPORT

The jury has reached a verdict in the trial of former Minneapolis Police Officer Derek Chauvin, who is charged with murder and manslaughter in the death of George Floyd.

WATCH THE VERDICT LIVE:

Feed courtesy of Washington Post

What We Know:

  • The verdict was read in open court with unanimous decisions on all three counts, none of which carry a charge of life in prison. The three counts are as follows:
    • Second-degree unintentional murder (also referred to as felony murder): Sentence up to 40 years in prison.
    • Third-degree murder: Sentence up to 25 years.
    • Second-degree manslaughter: Sentence up to 10 years.
  • The panel of seven women and five men began deliberating Monday after three weeks of witness testimony.
  • The third-degree murder charge had initially been dismissed, but it was reinstated after an appeals court ruling in an unrelated case established new grounds for it days before jury selection started.
  • Chauvin, who is white, knelt on Floyd’s neck for several minutes as Floyd, who was Black, was handcuffed and lying on the ground.
  • Prosecutors argued that Chauvin’s actions caused Floyd to die from low oxygen or asphyxia. The defense claimed that Floyd’s illegal drug use and a pre-existing heart condition were to blame and urged jurors not to rule out other theories, as well, including exposure to carbon monoxide.

MANCHESTER, UNITED KINGDOM – JUNE 03: Graffiti artist Akse spray paints a mural of George Floyd in Manchester’s northern quarter on June 03, 2020 in Manchester, United Kingdom. The death of an African-American man, George Floyd, while in the custody of Minneapolis police has sparked protests across the United States, as well as demonstrations of solidarity in many countries around the world. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • During closing arguments, prosecutors sought to focus jurors’ attention on the 9 minutes, 29 seconds they say Chauvin knelt on Floyd’s neck, while Chauvin’s defense attorney told them that “the 9 minutes and 29 seconds ignores the previous 16 minutes and 59 seconds” of the interaction.
  • Prosecutors called 38 witnesses, including the teenager who recorded the widely seen bystander video that brought global attention to Floyd’s death. She and other bystanders who testified said they are haunted by Floyd’s death and that they wish they had done more to try to save his life. The defense called seven witnesses, two of whom were experts.
  • Chauvin had agreed to plead guilty to third-degree murder days after Floyd’s death, but William Barr, then the U.S. attorney general, rejected the deal because, officials said, he was worried that it was too early in the investigation and that it would be perceived as too lenient.

Floyd’s death touched off international protests against police brutality and racial injustice. The city of Minneapolis has spent months preparing for the trial and for the potential of unrest over the verdict.

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Headlines

Hester Ford, Oldest Living American, Dies at 115

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The North Carolina woman died peacefully in her Charlotte home Saturday, a family member confirmed.

What We Know:

  • According to the Gerontology Research Group, Hester Ford was 115 years and 245 days old at the time of her death. However, the family stated Ford was born on August 15th, 1904, which would’ve made her 116. Whichever age is correct, Ford was the oldest living American, having been confirmed as such in 2019.
  • Ford was born on a farm in Lancaster County, South Carolina. She married John Ford at age 14 and had the first of her 12 children the next year. The couple moved to Charlotte where she remained for the rest of her life. From her 12 children, Ford was granted 68 grandchildren, 125 great-grandchildren, and possibly more than 120 great-great-grandchildren.
  • In a statement, her great-granddaughter Tanisha Patterson-Powe called her grandmother a true innovator. “She never ‘fit into a one size fit all box’.” Patterson-Powe continued, saying “She never complained, never showed defeat or entertained a pity party.”

“She not only represented the advancement of our family but of the Black African American race and culture in our country. She was a reminder of how far we have come as people on this earth,” said Patterson-Powe.

  • When asked about her secret to a long life, Ford stated, “I just live right, all I know.” According to her family, Ford enjoyed a daily routine of eating half a banana, going outside for fresh air, and reclining while looking through photos or listing to gospel music.

According to the Gerontology Research Group, Thelma Sutcliffe of Nebraska, born in 1906, is now the oldest living American. The oldest living person on Earth however is Kane Tanaka of Japan who is 118.

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Coronavirus

Otters in Georgia Aquarium Test Positive for COVID-19

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Seven geriatric Asian small-clawed otters at the Georgia Aquarium showed mild COVID-19 symptoms like sneezing, runny noses, lethargy, and coughing. They are currently being cared for off-exhibit.

What We Know:

  • The popular tourist location released a statement on Facebook and their website on Sunday about the situation. In the announcement, the Georgia Aquarium noted that the animals caught the virus from an asymptomatic staff member. This is despite “following all recommended health and safety protocols.” The institution tested all staff members and is certain a guest did not give the coronavirus to the otters because of the acrylic barrier that separates them.
  • The group’s clinical signs helped leaders make the decision to test the animals. In addition, medical officials at the establishment consulted with the state veterinarian’s office and the Department of Health (DOH).
  • The Georgia Aquarium announced vets and animal care team members would continue monitoring the otters on their website. After they no longer show symptoms, executives will determine if they can return to the display.

“We are providing supportive care as needed so they can eat, rest and recover,” said Dr. Tonya Clauss, vice president of animal and environmental health at Georgia Aquarium.

  • According to the announcement, information on COVID-19’s impact on otter species is unknown. However, based on other zoological facility animals and the otters’ health status, the organization believes the animals will not have any long-term effects. The document also directs readers to visit the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) websites, as well as their own Animal Guide, for more information. People at the aquarium are hopeful the otters will recover quickly.
  • Although these are the first coronavirus cases at the Georgia Aquarium, other animals have contracted the disease. In December, three snow leopards tested positive at the Louisville Zoo. Thousands of mink died at fur farms across Utah and Wisconsin after a series of outbreaks, CNN reports. Further, a small number of dogs and cats have gotten the disease throughout the pandemic as well.

Scientists are experimenting with a possible COVID-19 vaccine for animals. In February, the San Diego Zoo gave four orangutans and five bonobos two doses each of an experimental vaccine developed by a veterinary pharmaceutical company. Recently, Russia registered the world’s first COVID-19 vaccine for carnivorous animals. A report by CNN from March 31 declared mass production on the vaccine would start as early as April. These experiments may bring all animals protection soon.

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