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2020 US Life Expectancy Saw Biggest Drop Since World War II

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The United States life expectancy dropped by 1.5 years in 2020, the largest decline since the 2.9-year reduction between 1942 and 1943.

What We Know:

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that the coronavirus contributed to the 74% depreciation of life expectancy from 77.8 years in 2019 to 77.3 in 2020. Out of all communities accounted for, Hispanic and Black ones garnered the worst downturns. African-Americans’ life expectancy fell by 2.9 years from 74.7 to 71.8 between 2019 and 2020. The last time the Black community saw a dramatic drop was in the 1930s, during the Great Depression.
  • Although officials have not been recording Hispanic life expectancy as long, the 2020 statistics marked the largest one-year drop. U.S. Hispanics, who normally live longer than non-Hispanics, declined from 81.8 years to 78.8 years. Additionally, Hispanic males numbers drop 3.7 years; the coronavirus contributed to 90% of the Hispanic decline.
  • Hispanic and Black groups additionally saw a lack of access to quality healthcare, crowded living conditions, and more people working lower-paying jobs that forced them to work during the worst parts of the pandemic.
  • Another reason for the overall lower life expectancy was drug overdoses. In 2020, over 93,000 people, mainly white, died from excess drug intake, the highest number reported in one year. Additional causes include homicide and deaths due to diabetics and chronic liver disease.
  • A study conducted by the British Medical Journal reviewed the life expectancy data of the U.S. and compared it with those of 16 countries. The research found the plummet between 2018 and 2020 was 8.5 higher than the other nations’ average decrease. As mentioned before, the drop notably affected Hispanic and Black people the most in these years.
  • For several decades, the U.S. life expectancy skyrocketed; however, this increase stalled in 2015. It proceeds to fall to 78 years, 10 months in 2019, and continued dropping in 2020. Steven Woolf of the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine told NPR the decrease was “horrific.”
  • Some officials mentioned that the shocking data signifies issues in the country. Lesley Curtis, chair of the Department of Population Health Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine, told NPR that it would be impossible to look at these results and “not see a reflection of systemic racism in the U.S.”

She added a range of factors that promote the groups’ life expectancy decline, such as income inequality, racial inequality, the social safety net, and health care access.

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Coronavirus

Biden Calls Out DeSantis’ Refusal on Mask Mandates

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President Joe Biden told reporters that Governors Ron DeSantis’s decisions against mask mandates would eventually have results that will affect constituents.

What We Know:

  • Biden’s message comes after DeSantis declared he would not impose mask mandates in Florida. DeSantis also said he would withhold funds from any schools that attempt to place guidelines on wearing masks. Currently, Florida faces a severe spike in cases due to the Delta variant and lower vaccination rates.
  • Because of this, Biden gave his stern commandment. The President stated the country needs leadership from everyone, and if some governors do not want “to do the right thing” to beat the pandemic, they should allow businesses and universities to do so. Pres. Biden further reminded the governors that they hold the power to save lives.

 “But if you are not going to help, at least get out of the way of the people who are trying to do the right thing,” said Biden.

  • DeSantis believes the spike in cases is just a pattern, similar to those seen last year despite the President’s pleas. In addition, the Florida governor downplayed the state’s surge in hospitalizations; according to DeSantis, COVID patients only “represent a fraction of the overall hospital beds.”
  • Furthermore, DeSantis responded to Biden’s comments at an August 4th press conference. He claimed the President was singling out Florida over the coronavirus pandemic. Additionally, DeSantis stated Biden did not live up to his promise to end the virus’ spread, as he allows the United States to have a “wide open southern border.” DeSantis stated that until Pres. Biden secures the border, he wishes not to hear anything about COVID from him.

On August 5th, Florida saw 20,133 new COVID-19 cases. On July 31, the state recorded 21,683 cases, the highest number since the pandemic’s beginning; August 5th’s results were only 1,550 test results lower.

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Disneyland and Disney World to Require Masks Indoors Again Regardless of Vaccination Status

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The new policy follows the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)‘s recommendation that fully vaccinated people wear masks indoors as COVID-19 cases skyrocket in places such as California and Florida.

What We Know:

  • As of July 30, the Walt Disney Company requires all park visitors, regardless of vaccination status, to wear face-coverings indoors at Walt Disney World Resort in Florida and Disneyland Resort in California. The only guests who are exempt from these rules are children under the age of two.
  • On July 27, Orange County Mayor Jerry L. Demings declared a local state of emergency due to a spike in coronavirus cases; according to Demings’ executive order, the county in which Disney World is located saw the 14-day rolling positivity rate go over 15%. Orange County also saw a new record of 1,371 cases, the highest number since the pandemic’s beginning, a day prior to the mayor’s announcement.
  • The CDC further ruled Orange County an area with high transmission levels; officials added that the virus “continues to pose a public health threat.” In addition, Anaheim, the location for Disneyland, is facing “substantial” levels of community transmission. On the week of July 30, the city saw a seven-day positivity rate of 6.33%.
  • The influx in cases comes as the Delta variant runs rampant across the country. Currently, the more contagious version of the virus accounts for approximately 83% of cases in the U.S. The more frequent occurrences of COVID-19 also stem from the fact that vaccination rates have slowed down significantly. Disney Parks might continue to enact these mandates until cases stabilize once more.

Last March, the Walt Disney Company closed down all of its parks worldwide as the world dealt with the COVID-19 pandemic. Walt Disney World in Florida became the first U.S. park to reopen in July 2020. Disneyland opened its gates nine months after Disney World in April 2021.

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Florida Breaks Record for COVID-19 Hospitalizations

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Florida recently saw 10,207 hospitalizations caused by coronavirus cases, the highest number since July 23, 2020.

What We Know:

  • On July 23, 2020, Florida reached a high of 10,170 hospitalizations, just six months before the COVID-19 vaccine became available. The new record makes Florida the leader in per capita hospitalizations for the virus.
  • Most of the new cases come from the highly contagious Delta variant. On average, Florida sees 1,525 adult and 35 children hospitalizations daily. In addition, Saturday revealed a peak in positive numbers, as the stated reported  21,683 occurrences of COVID-19. The day prior, the Sunshine State saw 17,093 cases.
  • Many hospital employees believed the excess hospitalizations would end soon because of an increase in vaccinations. However, the Delta variant changed all this. The Associated Press wrote that several hospitals, including the Mayo Clinic Florida and the UF Health North emergency room, needed to operate overcapacity and put beds in hallways to treat patients; the Mayo Clinic will continue to do so until the current surge ends. In Tampa, some local ambulances already needed to divert ambulances to other locations because of capacity concerns.
  • The higher numbers also are a direct result of a loosening of restrictions and a governor’s stubbornness. Florida’s Governor Ron DeSantis actively declares he will not enact any more mask mandates and vaccine requirements. Along with the state Legislature, this makes it difficult for local officials to impose restrictions that will ease the positive numbers.
  • Medical officials scorned DeSantis for his adamance on the issue. Dr. Bernard Ashby, a Miami-based vascular cardiologist and Florida State Lead for the Committee to Protect Health Care, commented that the state would not be in its position now if DeSantis focused more on lowering cases than proving Dr. Anthony Fauci wrong. Gainesville infectious disease expert Dr. Frederick Southwick agreed with Ashby’s statement, saying that DeSantis needed to stop acting like “Florida won the pandemic.”

DeSantis recently announced that Florida would resist any federal authorities’ campaigns to enforce mask mandates inside schools despite the criticism.

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